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Seniors - Vit D plus Calcium = Fewer Falls in Senior Women; - Article



 
Seniors - Vit D plus Calcium = Fewer Falls in Senior Women; - Article
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Healthnotes Newswire (April 20, 2006)-Long-term supplementation with a vitamin D-calcium combination reduced the risk of falls in older women, according to the Archives of Internal Medicine (2006;166:424-30).

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Participants were randomly assigned to receive 700 IU per day of vitamin D3 plus 500 mg per day of calcium (as calcium citrate malate) or placebo for three years. Of the 445 volunteers who began the study, 389 attended the three-year follow-up visit, and 318 were still taking the supplements. Originally designed to examine the effect of the vitamin-mineral combination on bone mineral density, the study also looked at a person's risk of falling at least once during the follow-up period.

Supplementing with vitamin D-calcium reduced the odds of falling by 46% among most women and by as much as 65% in less active women. This benefit was further enhanced among less active women who continued to take the supplements for the entire three years; in that group there was a 74% fall reduction. Although men did not receive a statistically significant benefit, there was a trend toward improvement among less active men who stayed on treatment to the end of the study.

While it is well known that calcium is required for muscle function, it is not well appreciated that vitamin D is also required for muscle function. Several studies have indicated a positive association between blood levels of vitamin D and lower extremity strength and function in older people. But how could taking a vitamin D supplement prevent falls? Muscle tissue contains vitamin D receptors that promote muscle strength and have been shown to decline in number with age. In fact, muscle weakness-a major risk factor for falls in the elderly-is a prominent sign of vitamin D deficiency. In addition, vitamin D plays a role in the normal functioning of the nervous system, and vitamin D deficiency leads to poor balance.

The findings fit well with the results of the original study, which showed a 60% reduction of osteoporotic fractures with vitamin D-calcium compared with placebo, since many such fractures result from falling. Consistent with the present study, most of the fractures occurred in women. The benefits obtained by this simple, cost-effective intervention are comparable to or greater than those of more expensive and time-consuming interventions, such as medication adjustments, occupational therapy, and exercise programs.

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Disclaimer: All the information contained throughout this website is based upon the opinion of the founder of LifeSource Vitamins, Bruce Brightman, and the entire team at LifeSource Vitamins whose relentless research and studies have been ongoing on since 1992. Other articles and information are based on the opinions of the authors, who retains the copyright as marked on the article. The information on this site is not intended to replace your health care professional, but to enhance your relationship with them. Doing your own studying and research and taking your health care into your own hands is always best, especially in partnership with your health care professional. If you are pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or have any medical conditions, always consult your health care professional before taking supplements based on the information on this site.


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