What are Micro-nutrients vs
different from macro-nutrients (like carbohydrates, protein, and fat) because
they are necessary only in very tiny amounts. Nevertheless, micronutrients are essential
for good health, and micronutrient deficiencies can cause serious health
problems. Micro-nutrients include such dietary minerals as zinc and iodine, and
they are necessary for the healthy functioning of all your body's systems, from
bone growth to brain function.
What Micro-nutrients are and Their Role in Your Health
Micro-nutrients are what
are commonly referred to as "vitamins and minerals." Micro-nutrients
include such minerals as fluoride, selenium, sodium, iodine, copper, and zinc.
They also include vitamins such as vitamin C, A, D, E, and K, as well as the
micro-nutrients are different from the macro-nutrients protein, carbohydrate
and fat, and micro-nutrients are called "micro"-nutrients because
your body needs only very small quantities of them for survival. However, if
your body doesn't get the small quantities of micro-nutrients that it needs,
serious health problems can result.
Micro-nutrients are vital
to the proper functioning of all of your body's systems. Sodium, for instance,
is responsible for maintaining the proper fluid balance in your body; it helps
fluids pass through cell walls and helps regulate appropriate pH levels in your
Getting Enough Vitamins
and Minerals in Your Diet?
micro-nutrients in your diet isn't hard. Eat a balanced diet including plenty
of nuts, whole grains, and green leafy vegetables. Eat plenty of colorful
fruits and vegetables, like red cherries, purple grapes, yellow bananas, and
orange carrots. The more colorful your diet, the better.
It's easy to include more
fruits and vegetables in your diet. Eat fruit salads for dessert instead of
sweets. Prepare your own homemade soups and salads and include two or more
vegetable side dishes with each meal.
constitute the bulk of the food we eat. The macro-nutrients are proteins,
carbohydrates, and fats.
Proteins are called building blocks of life. It is what most of our body is
made up of. Proteins themselves are made of amino acids. Some good sources of
protein include fish, poultry meat, legumes, soy, eggs, milk and milk products.
Carbohydrates are made up of sugar or starches. They are the main energy
providers for our body. Excess carbohydrates are converted into fat and stored
in our body. All foods have carbohydrates in some measure.
Fats - Fats
are substances that your body stores for future use. Although most people think
that fats are to be avoided altogether, there is a distinction to be made here.
There are good fats and bad fats. Bad fats are to be avoided and good fats are
to be eaten. Good fats are very much necessary for the proper functioning of
Proteins, carbohydrates, and fats are to be eaten in proper
proportion. If they are not, lifestyle diseases will affect you.
Bioavailability of Nutrients – The Nutrition of
The bioavailability of food consumed is an important issue
in nutrition. But, trying to calculate quantitatively how much of each known
nutrient you are getting out of your diet is both a waste of time and
impossible to do. It is recommended that you do not try to quantify your intake
of specific Micro-nutrients from your diet.
Highlights of Bioavailability of Nutrients –
The Nutrition of Micro-nutrients:
nutrition from eating a healthy diet is the foundation of the biomedical
model of natural health.
change in your diet, however small, that improves your natural health is a
step in the right direction.
include vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals, and water.
do not provide any energy to the body.
improve your nutrition and natural health by choosing to eat healthier
foods, then the food you are currently eating.
Poor nutrition is the result of consuming too little good
food, or too much of the wrong kinds of food, on a regular basis. Food science,
a root cause of poor nutrition, transforms unnatural foods into garbage
that fills the belly while developing excessive human appetites for fat, sugar,
and salt. Avoiding poor nutrition simply means refusing to eat junk food.
Nutrients compete with other nutrients for absorption. Some
nutrients will enhance/reduce the amounts of other nutrients being absorbed by
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